Dog Health and Care

Dog Health and Care

Incontinence in dogs

Incontinence describes uncontrolled urination or defecation, which can be triggered by several diseases. In contrast, continence is the ability to retain urine or faeces. In most cases, we assume incontinence to be of the urinary form. Urination is made possible by numerous anatomical and functional characteristics of the system. It helps to take a look at the anatomy in order to understand this in more detail.

Allergies affecting dogs

If a dog regularly scratches itself, we initially think parasites are the cause. However, there are further reasons for itchiness, such as allergies. Even dogs are affected by allergies and the number of allergic illnesses is increasing.

Arthrosis Affecting Dogs

Arthrosis is a widespread disease that very commonly affects humans and animals. It is a degenerative chronic joint alteration accompanied by pain and progressive restriction of the affected joint's mobility. Arthrosis is neither inflammatory nor infectious. It is a consequence of the ongoing decomposition of the joint cartilage beyond the usual level.

Bad breath in dogs

Bad dog breath is very unpleasant and a sign for underlying diseases in the mouth cavity. So that you and your canine friend can breathe easily again, we have summarised the most important information on the subject of bad breath in dogs for you.

Bathing puppies

The joy surrounding a new puppy is huge and we animal lovers usually concern ourselves at the start of the new friendship with subjects like diet, great toys or the right training. It's often the case that we only ask ourselves whether and how puppies can be bathed when they first jump in a muddy puddle. All important information is summarised in the following article in order to answer this question for you:

Birth and Breastfeeding for Dogs

The birth of new puppies is always a very special occasion even for experienced breeders. But how does the process of dogs giving birth actually work? What problems can emerge when breastfeeding the puppies and how can the owner support their female dog during this full-on phase?

Bladder Infections (Cystitis) Affecting Dogs

Bladder infections affecting dogs (cystitis) mostly emerge in connection to the urethra being inflamed, so it should not be treated in isolation. The urethra and bladder are known together as the lower urinary tract.

Contraception for Dogs

Dog owners should give thought to contraception for their beloved pets at the very latest when females enter heat for the first time and males suddenly prey on females in the neighbourhood. But what methods actually prevent females from getting pregnant and what forms of contraception are there for males?

Cooling Down for Dogs: 10 Tips for Hot Summer Days

When the sun beats down on the ground in the morning and by midday, the heat can be unbearable for our dogs. With a few tips, however, you can ensure that your dog can withstand even hot summer days. We will tell you what your dog needs in hot weather and the best possible ways to get it to cool down.

Coronavirus in Dogs

Canine coronavirus (CcoV) is spread globally and particularly affects dogs kept in kennels and puppies. If we compare human coronavirus to that affecting dogs, it causes respiratory problems in the former, whilst the latter predominantly leads to gastrointestinal complaints. Although coronavirus infections in dogs are usually mild, they can be severe with heavy diarrhoea and even lead to death in animals with weak immune systems.

Diabetes in dogs

Diabetes is the most common hormonal metabolic disease affecting dogs and is typically accompanied by increased fluid consumption and regular urination. Females and breeds like the Samoyed or Miniature Schnauzer show an increased risk of falling ill with diabetes. The disease is divided into diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus, since their development process is different.

Digestion Problems Affecting Dogs

Digestive disorders are a regularly occurring problem – and a rather unpleasant one at that. There can be many different reasons for diarrhoea. Poor nutrition, organ illnesses and infections caused by intestinal parasites or allergies must be considered possible causes of digestion problems. Initially the vet will treat them by conventional means, which will generally make “normal” diarrhoea disappear quickly. Things get complicated when it comes to regularly reoccurring problems, in which case a closer look needs to be taken at the causes.

Dog Dementia

Many dogs accompany their owner for a large part of their life and reach a ripe old age. Of course, age also leaves its mark on our furry friends. The following article reveals signs of senility in dogs and how you can make the ageing process easier. As well, we will confront the difficult question of when it is time to say goodbye.

Dog Grooming in Winter

There's no such thing as bad weather for true fresh air fans. Be it mud, snow or salt on pavements, dog and owner go for walks lasting several hours and enjoy the winter period. However, you shouldn't forget that these weather conditions can put intensive demands on your dog's paws. Cracks in the paw pads or adhesions to the paws that make walking difficult and can trigger injuries are no rarity. You can provide relief with a few simple tricks:

Dogs and their Senses

The thing that fascinates us humans about dogs is their enormous sensory capacity. Their senses are far better developed than those of humans, to the extent that they can orientate themselves, recognise everything and everyone by smells, and hear sounds and noises we cannot even comprehend.

Female Dogs in Heat

Although the heat period is an entirely natural process for female dogs, irritation at stains on the new carpet, fear of an unwanted pregnancy or their pet's strange behaviour can cause many dog owners to worry. Find out here everything you need to know about your female dog's heat period and how you can both overcome this without any stress.

Fleas on Dogs

More than 2,000 types of fleas parasitise mammals and birds. Dogs are most commonly inhabited by the Ctenocephalides felis (cat flea), more rarely by the Ctenocephalides canis (dog flea), and occasionally by the Pulex irritans and Pulex simulans (human flea), as well as by the Echidnophaga gallinacea (hen flea) and (hedgehog flea). Fleas are wingless, laterally flattened insects around 1-6mm in length with a strong talus and piercing-sucking mouth parts. They are light to dark brown in colour and feed off the blood of their host animal. The development of fleas progresses from the egg to three larva stages to the pupa and then the adult form. Female fleas take just a few minutes to inhabit the dog's blood and start to lay eggs after around 24-48 hours. During its lifespan of around 50-100 days, it lays on average 30 eggs per day. The eggs are mostly laid during the dog's rest period and fall out on its sleeping spot or other areas where it frequently rests. Within a few days, the eggs hatch and become larvae, developing over three stages into pupa. The larvae feed off cell material and flea excrement with undigested blood, which is released from the dog along with the eggs. The adult flea hatches from the pupa and seeks to inhabit the nearest dog as soon as possible. In unfavourable conditions, such as cooler temperatures, the pupa can survive in its cocoon for up to 50 weeks until hatching. In ideal conditions, the duration of the cycle from egg to adult flea is around two to four weeks. Adult fleas from C. felis and C. canis permanently live on their host; they occasionally cross over to other hosts, but don't stay in the surrounding area for a long time. The flea's youthful stages (egg, larva, pupa) live in the environment, the larvae hole up into hiding places such as under cushions and carpets, as well as gaps in the flooring. Dogs can bring fleas into the home through contact with other animals. The conditions in a living space are ideal for the development of fleas, and they multiply rapidly in this environment. C. felis, the most common type of flea, is not picky in its choice of host animal: it has been found on over 50 different types of animal all over the world, as well as on humans.

Hip Dysplasia in Dogs

Hip dysplasia (HD) affecting dogs is a genetically caused joint development disorder. External influences like environmental factors, housing and diet can also have a negative effect on joint development. Hip dysplasia predominantly affects medium- to large-sized breeds, with smaller breeds less frequently affected. It often emerges with breeds like the Golden and Labrador Retriever, Bernese Mountain Dog, Boxer, Rottweiler, German Shepherd and St Bernard, rarely with Greyhounds or Borzois. Dogs aren’t born with hip dysplasia but have the genetic predisposition for it. At the age of around 12 months, affected puppies develop dislocated hips (subluxation). The femoral head isn’t fixed firmly enough in the hip socket and moves around instead. Changes resulting from this like hip joint arthrosis emerge from the age of four months. Many dogs with a mild form of hip dysplasia often only show symptoms such as lameness in old age. Factors such as a heavy body weight or quick growth can intensify HD, which is why a healthy diet with a moderate calorie and adapted mineral content is so important in the puppy phase. An excessively high provision of energy or minerals like calcium can have a negative influence on hip dysplasia.

Leishmaniasis for Dogs

Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease transmitted by sandflies and can often prove fatal for dogs. Find out how you can protect your dog and how to recognise and treat the disease should it emerge.

Muscle and Limb Diseases in Dogs

Healthy bones, joints and muscles keep our pets free of pain when they're on the move. The first signs of illnesses are mainly linked to limited mobility: dogs avoid uncomfortable movements, such as climbing the stairs with spinal illnesses, or limp in order to protect the affected area. In the following article, we will offer a brief overview of possible diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system.

The most important vaccinations for your dog

No question about it – vaccinations help protect your dog from deadly infectious diseases. But which vaccinations should your dog have? What does your puppy actually receive in its initial immunisations, and how often should your dog have boosters to ensure life-long protection?

Your Dog’s First Visit to the Vet

After a few days of letting your new dog settle in, it is advisable to introduce your newest little family member to the vet. This allows immediate detection of any possible infections or parasites, and allows you to instantly treat any issues.